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currants

CURRANTS AND GOOSEBERRIES

The Ribes family

At a glance...

gooseberries

Pollination:

They do not need a pollinator and are self fruitful

Spacing:

3'-4' within a row, rows should be at least 6' apart. Gooseberries should have 6' between plants.

PH: 6-6.5

Watering:

1”-2” of water in needed per week. If weather is dry supplemental water will be needed. Gooseberry fruits will sunburn if soil gets too dry.

Mulching:

This helps to suppress weeds. Bark mulch is best. Straw and sawdust can also be used. Plants do not have to be mulched, though close mowing is often difficult due to the plant's bushy nature.

The details....

Currants and Gooseberries are small fruits that were well known in this country earlier in the last century and are now making a comeback. They are ideal for our climate . Most of t oday's currant and gooseberry varieties have been bred for disease resistance to White Pine Blister Rust.

Currants and gooseberries can handle sites that are shadier and soils that are heavier than many other fruits. Avoid sites that receive intense full day sun it may be hard on the plants' tender bark.

Follow the recommended spacing.

Bushes should be pruned annually to prevent the accumulation of too much old wood and to encourage the production of strong new growth.

Black Currants in particular most heavily crop on 1 year old wood, so pruning is meant to stimulate new growth and take out older growth. With this objective, in subsequent years, prune back three or four of the oldest branches to strong new growth, or to the base of the branch. The objective is to have 6-8 good branches that are continually renewed.

Red Currants and Gooseberries fruit most heavily on the spurs (short branches) that occur on 2-3 year old branches.

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Text by Effie Elfer - Fruit Drawings by Gabe Tempesta
Text and fruit drawings © 2009 Elmore Roots

Elmore Roots Nursery, LLC - 802-888-3305 - elmoreroots.com